Question: What Are Infinitive Phrases?

What is a simple infinitive?

The simple infinitive refers to the same time as that of the preceding verb: I was glad to see her.

He must be very happy.

I’ll arrange a meeting with the manager..

What are some examples of appositive phrases?

An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames the noun next to it. For example, if you said, “The boy raced ahead to the finish line,” adding an appositive could result in “The boy, an avid sprinter, raced ahead to the finish line.”

What are the 3 types of infinitives?

Here’s a discussion of the five types of infinitives.Subject. An infinitive can constitute the subject of a sentence. … Direct Object. In the sentence “We all want to see,” “to see” is the direct object, the noun (or noun substitute) that receives the action of the verb. … Subject Complement. … Adjective. … Adverb.

How do you write an infinitive sentence?

Infinitive Verbs Following Certain VerbsI can’t afford to eat out tonight.Do you swear to tell the truth?Mom volunteered to make cookies for the bake sale.He appears to have the measles.They planned to go on a road trip.He would prefer to eat steak.She claimed to have been home on the night in question.More items…

Why is it called infinitive?

English infinitives are preceded by the word ‘to’. These verbs are called infinitives because, like the concept of infinity, they are not bound by time. From the infinitive, we derive the conjugated forms of the verb, also known as the finite forms of the verb.

What’s infinitive in grammar?

The infinitive is the base form of a verb. In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. … the to-infinitive = to + base.

What is a gerund phrase example?

Gerund phrases, which always function as nouns, will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Read these examples: Eating ice cream on a windy day can be a messy experience if you have long, untamed hair. Eating ice cream on a windy day = subject of the linking verb can be.

Do infinitive phrases always begin with to?

Infinitive phrases are always easy to spot because they begin with “to.” In a sentence, they can work like nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.

What is an example of an infinitive phrase?

Examples include, “to walk,” “to read,” or “to eat.” Infinitives can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. … As a noun, they might act as the subject of the sentence. For example, “To travel is the only thing on her mind.” As an adjective, they’ll modify a noun.

What are appositive phrases examples?

Appositives are nouns or noun phrases that follow or come before a noun, and give more information about it. For example, The puppy, a golden retriever, is my newest pet.

What are the functions of infinitive phrase?

An infinitive phrase includes the infinitive, plus any modifiers and complements. Infinitives and infinitive phrases can function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs in a sentence. As nouns, infinitives and infinitive phrases can act either as subjects, direct objects, or predicate nominatives.

What is a appositive phrase?

An appositive is a noun or pronoun — often with modifiers — set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it. … An appositive phrase usually follows the word it explains or identifies, but it may also precede it.

What are the 4 types of phrases?

A phrase is a group of words that express a concept and is used as a unit within a sentence. Eight common types of phrases are: noun, verb, gerund, infinitive, appositive, participial, prepositional, and absolute. Take a look at our selection of phrase examples below.

What are absolute phrases?

An absolute phrase (nominative absolute) is generally made up of a noun or pronoun with a participial phrase. It modifies the whole sentence, not a single noun, which makes it different from a participial phrase. Absolute phrases: Its branches covered in icicles, the tall oak stood in our yard.

How do you identify appositive phrases?

Apposite phrases follow two forms: a noun followed by apposite phrase, or appositive phrase followed by a noun. You can identify an appositive phrase because it is what adds details to the main noun, so, depending on the sentence’s style, sometimes it comes before, and sometimes it comes after.

How do you identify an infinitive phrase?

An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. The complement of an infinitive verb will often be its direct object, and the modifier will often be an adverb. For example: He likes to knead the dough slowly.